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The verb 'tener' and its uses
You can use the verb 'tener' (to have) in Spanish to express the fact that someone has or owns something.
|1st||yo tengo||nosotros tenemos|
|2nd||tú tienes||vosotros tenéis|
|3rd||él/ella tiene||ellos/ellas tienen|
|Tengo un perro.||I have a dog.|
|¿Tiene Pablo un carro nuevo?||Does Pablo have a new car?|
|Tienen unos discos fantásticos.||They have some fantastic records.|
Here are some expressions with 'tener' to tell someone, what disease someone else has.
|tener gripe||to have the flu||tener catarro||to have a cold|
|tener fiebre||to have fever||tener tos||to have a cough|
|tener dolor de cabeza||to have a headache||tener dolor de estómago||to have a stomachache|
|tener dolor de garganta||to have a sore throat||tener dolor de muelas |
|tener dolor de espalda||to have a backache|
|¿Tienes dolor de cabeza?||Do you have a headache?|
|No tengo catarro.||I don't have a cold.|
To tell someone that you have to do something, you can use a form of 'tener' plus the
preposition 'que' plus an infinitive. Sort of like 'You have (tener) to do your homework!'.
|Tengo que practicar ahora.||I have to practice now.|
|Tienen que ir al supermercado.||They have to go to the supermarket.|
Finally you can use 'tener' (to have) as well to indicate that you fell like doing something.
Therefore, take the right form of 'tener' plus the expression 'ganas de' plus an infinitive:
|Tenemos ganas de dar un paseo.||We feel like taking a walk.|
|Esteban no tiene ganas de cantar.||Esteban doesn't feel like singing.|
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