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Lesson 4: Talking about Feelings

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Expressing feelings with 'estar' (to be)

When we want to talk about feelings and emotions, we usually use the verb 'estar' (to be) in Spanish together with an adjective. Even though 'estar' has the same meaning in English as the verb 'ser' (also: to be), they are not at all exchangeable!
As we have already pointed out, we use 'ser' to describe characteristics of someone or something:
El profesor es alto.The teacher is tall.
Laura es paciente.Laura is patient.


Estar on the other hand is used, when we would like to describe temporary characteristics and describe feelings. Here are the forms of the verb 'estar' (to be).
PersonSingularPlural
1styo estoy
(I am)
nosotros estamos
(we are)
2ndtú estás
(you are)
vosotros estáis
(you are)
3rdél/ella está
(he/she is)
ellos/ellas están
(they are)

You probably learned in the 2nd lesson that adjectives always have to agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify:
La chica está contenta.The girl is happy.
Luis está contento.Luis is happy.

If one and the same adjective referrs to two different nouns and one of these nouns is masculin and the other feminine, the adjective has to be in its masculine and plural form.
La señora Castillo y el señor Sánchez están contentos.Mrs. Castillo and Mr. Sánchez are happy.
Marcela, Rosa y Tomás están nerviosos.Marcela and Tomás are nervous.

Here are some adjectives, with which you can describe what you and other people feel.
SpanishEnglishSpanishEnglish
aburrido(a)boringsorprendido(a)surprised
contento(a)happyenojado(a)angry
encantado(a)gladnervioso(a)nervous
cansado(a)tireddeprimido(a)depressed
emocionado(a)excitedpreocupado(a)worried
celoso(a)enviousdesilusionado(a)disenchanted
enfermo(a)sick, ill

Estar is also used to indicate, where (at what location) someone or something is.
¿Dónde está Rogelio?Where is Rogelio?
Rogelio está en el supermercado.Rogelio is in the supermarket.




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