Culture: Geopraphy and Politics of Spain
The Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España) is the bigger of the two countries that share the Iberian Peninsula -
the other is Portugal in South-East Europe. To the North-East, along the Pyrenees, Spain has a border to
France, but also to the tiny nation of Andorra.
Also, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and
some smaller uninhabited on the Mediterranean side of the Straight of Gibraltar, also known as
Plazas de soberanía, belong to Spain. Additionally there are two so called 'exclaves' on the Northern coast of
Morocco (Ceuta and Melilla), which officially belong to Spain and the European Union.
It happens quite often that entire groups of economic refugees from Africa desperately try to break through
the high security fences around these exclaves.
Spain is a constitutional monarchy with a hereditary monarch and a bicameral system.
The legislative consists on the one hand of the 'Congreso de Diputados' with 350 members,
which are elected for four years by the people of Spain. and on the other hand of the senate with 259 seats.