Spanish Language and Culture
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for Marlene
Learn Spanish for Free - An Online Spanish Course for Adults and Children
Lesson 2: Describing yourself and others

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Nouns and articles in the singular and plural forms

In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. The article of a noun always has to match this grammatical gender and also the number of the noun (singular or plural). Nouns, which end in 'o' are usually masculine, nouns that end in 'a' feminine.

masculineel discolos discos
femininela fiestalas fiestas

The Spanish definite articles (el, los, la and las) are always used, when you talk about something in general (e.g. 'me gusta el/la ...' or 'me gustan los/las ...'). Here are some more things for you to either like or dislike:

Click on the blue arrows to hear the words in Spanish.

la escuela
(the school)

el dinero
(the money)

los juegos electrónicos
(the video games)

la gimnasia
(the gymnastics)

los carros
(the cars)

los conciertos
(the concerts)

las telenovelas
(the soap operas)

Nouns, which end in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u or y), form their plural through simply adding an 's'. To nouns that end in a consonant, add 'es' to get their plural form.
la escuelalas escuelas
el animallos animales
el conciertolos conciertos

Martín likes certain things, others he doesn't. Form complete sentences, in which you use 'me gusta(n)' and 'no me gusta(n)'.

la televisión (sí=yes)/las telenovelas (no)
Me gusta la televisión pero no me gustan las telenovelas.

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1) la radio (sí)/juegos electrónicos (no)
2) la escuela (sí)/los exámenes (no)
3) las fiestas (sí)/bailar (no)
4) los deportes (sí)/la gimnasia (no)

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