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Similarities between English and Spanish

From here on, we will not introduce more new vocabularies, but rather talk about general things concerning the Spanish language and the Spanish speaking countries. Please be aware of the fact though that at the end of this lesson, you will be required to memorize all new vocabularies so far.

Even though, the two languages English (Germanic language) and Spanish (Romanic language) are not in the same language family, there are plenty of similarities between the two. We should always utilize those similarities while studying new Spanish vocabularies.

There are plenty of words in Spanish that look very much like their English counterparts. The following table lists a few of those words:

bancobanknombrename
cremacremeoctubreOctober
debatedebateproblemaproblem
ensaladasaladquesocheese
familiafamilyradioradio
grupogroupsopasoup
ideaideabebébaby
hotelhoteltigretiger
kilómetrokilometeruniónunion
listalistvainillavanilla
platoplatemelonmelon


Exercise
Can you guess the meaning of the following Spanish words?

Example:
teléfono
telephone

move mouse over ?-fields
for correct answers
sofa
?
cheque
?
secretario
?
forma
?
guitarra
?
musica
?
bote
?
médico
?
plaza
?


Capitalization in Spanish

As you might have already noticed, in Spanish, exactly like in English and many other languages, all words are generally not capitalized. Exceptions are the names or people and animals as well as the names of locations. Those words are always capitalized.


Exercise
Try to figure out, which of the following words would be capitalized and which ones wouldn't after translating them into Spanish.

Example:
the lake
not capitalized

move mouse over ?-fields
for correct answers
the door
?
Australia
?
to swim
?
the plane
?
Nadia
?
fast
?
washed
?



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