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The verb 'estar' (to be)
You will now be surprised to hear that the Portuguese have two distinct verbs, which can both be translated
into English with 'to be'. The first such verb you already got to know from the previous page.
The second verb is 'estar'.
'Estar' and 'ser' are not interchangeable. As you already know, 'ser' is always used, when
you talk about someone's nationality or country of origin or a person's characteristics or even job.
The verb 'estar' on the other hand is used, when you want to indicate the location of somebody or
|Mônica está aqui de férias.||Monica is on vacation here.|
|Ela está na praia.||She is on the beach.|
|Tomás e Mônica estão no Rio de Janeiro.||Thomas and Monica are in Rio de Janeiro.|
|Eles estão no Brasil.||They are in Brasil.|
Here are in detail the forms of the verb 'estar'. Please note that we replaced the pronouns
ele/ela as well as eles/elas by você and vocês simply for a change. Again, for you to repeat:
The verb forms of all verbs in Portuguese are identical for ele (he), ela (she) and você (you, formal address),
as well as for eles/elas (they) and vocês (you, plural, formal address).
|1st||eu estou||nós estamos|
|2nd||tu estás||vós estais|
|3rd||você está||vocês estão|