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Lesson 7: Shopping and Clothing

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The seasons and the irregular verb 'tragen' (to wear)

In German, the four seasons are called as follows:
Click on the blue arrows to hear the words in German.





To say "in the summer" or "in the winter", use the expressions: "im Sommer" or "im Winter", respectively. Note that these expressions are informations of time. So when you use them, you have to follow the already known sentence-order rules from lesson 5. These rules say in brief that if the information of time is at the very beginning of the sentence, the subject and the verb switch their positions.

Also, we want to introduce another irregular verb, which changes its stem from a to ä in the 'du' and 'er/sie/es'-forms. It is the verb 'tragen' (to wear/to carry):

 tragen (to wear/to carry)
1stich trage
(I wear)
wir tragen
(we wear)
2nddu trägst
(you wear)
ihr tragt
(you wear)
3rder/sie/es trägt
(he/she/it wears)
sie tragen
(they wear)

In the following exercises, we further want to practice the use of adjectives and their endings. We will also repeat the sentence order in sentences with information of time and practice the the conjugation of the irregular verb 'tragen' (to wear/to carry).

Translate the following sentences from English into German. Thereby use the correct form of 'tragen' (to wear) and the correct ending for the adjectives in these sentences.

In the summer, I wear blue shirts.
Im Sommer trage ich blaue Hemden.

1) In the winter, she wears a red coat.

2) Mr. Scott wears black shoes in the fall.

3) In the spring, we wear white skirts.

4) You (sing.) wear a grey jacket.

5) In the fall, I wears yellow sweaters.

6) I don't like green shoes. (difficult!).

7) In the summer, Herbert wears a brown hat.

Note here that whatever we wear has to be in the accusative case (direct object). Remember that in the accusative case, the masculine/singular indefinite article becomes 'einen' and adjectives of masculine/singular nouns have to end in '-en'.

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