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Lesson 7: Shopping and Clothing

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Endings of adjectives behind possessive pronouns

So far, we learned about endings of adjectives that are positioned between an article (definite or indefinite) and a noun (e.g. 'ein schönes Kleid'). Also, we learned that in the plural, the indefinite article does not exist and whenever there is no article - regardless of singular or plural - we use the adjective-endings for indefinite articles (second table on page 5).

Let's have a quick and repeated look at the two endings-tables from earlier in this lesson:

adjective-endings with definite articles
casemasculinefeminineneuterplural
nominative-e-e-e-en
accusative-en-e-e-en


adjective-endings with indefinite articles (or no article)
casemasculinefeminineneuterplural
nominative-er-e-es-e
accusative-en-e-es-e

What is still missing now, are the endings for adjectives in cases, in which we have a possessive pronoun (mein, dein, ihr, sein, etc ...) instead of an article. The adjective endings are exactly the same as for indefinite articles, except for the plural, where the ending is always '-en' (instead of '-e').

adjective-endings with possessive pronouns
casemasculinefeminineneuterplural
nominative-er-e-es-en
accusative-en-e-es-en

To decomplicate the situation, let's consider the following three rules, which summarize all the adjective endings.
RULE: SINGULAR: In the singular, all adjectives end in '-e' after any definite article and in '-er', '-e' and '-es', respectively, after indefinite articles or possessive pronouns.
RULE: PLURAL: In the plural, all adjectives end in '-en', if they are preceded by either 'die' or a possessive pronoun, whereas all adjectives end in '-e', if neither an article nor a possessive pronoun precedes them.
RULE: ACCUSATIVE: In the accusative case, masculine/singular adjectives always end in '-en'.

An old principle, which we cannot repeat often enough is again valid here: The accusative has NO effect whatsoever on either articles, adjectives or nouns, if they are feminine, neuter or plural.

Exercise
In the following sentences, put the correct ending behind each given adjective. Thereby, use the tables above or your good memory to determine the correct adjective ending in each case.

Example:
Marco will heute seinen groß
__
Garten pflegen.
Marco will heute seinen groß
en
Garten pflegen.


1) Als erstes möchte ich ein schön
__
Hemd kaufen. ?

2) Dein klein
__
Bruder rasiert sich morgens. ?

3) Mein pink
__
Pullover kostet sieben Euro. ?

4) Ich verkaufe meinen blau
__
Fernseher. ?

5) Aber du willst meinen schwarz
__
Fernseher kaufen. ?

6) Herr Specht ist mein sympatisch
__
Lehrer. ?

7) Frau Kloster ist deine unsympatisch
_
Lehrerin. ?

8) Ihr rot
__
Kleid ist sehr schön
____________
. ?

9) Unser freundlich
__
Nachbar (neighbor, masc.)
heißt Herr Schilling. ?

10) Er mäht jeden Tag seinen grün
__
Rasen. ?




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pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12        vocabularies       Exercises [A] [B] [C] [D] [E]

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