Adjectives and how to use them with different articlesSome time ago, in lesson 2, you studied the meaning of some adjectives in German. For example: neu, alt, groß, etc.. But until now, we did not extend this list of adjectives any further. The reason for this is that we are still only able to form simle constructions with adjectives, in which the adjective comes after a form of the verb 'sein' (to be). For example: 'Ich bin schön' or 'Du bist hässlich'.
What we are going to learn now is how to use adjectives directly in front of nouns. An example from the dialog of page 1:
Ich möchte eine neue Jacke kaufen.
I would like to buy a new jacket.
The adjective is highlighted in red and as we can see, its ending is 'e'.
In German, whenever we use adjectives in front of nouns as we did in the above example, we have to add an ending to the adjective, which depends on three things:
Seems complicated, right? You will see now that it's actually not that bad. There is a lot of regularity in the following tables, which summarize, what endings we use for which genders, cases and articles.
adjective-endings with definite articles
adjective-endings with indefinite articles (or no article)
Now let's look at some example sentences, in which adjectives are placed directly in front of their noun. Each time, we will explain the adjective's ending by naming the noun's gender, case and article type:
Dieneue Lehrerin heißt Kirsten. (Lehrerin = feminine, nominative, possessive pronoun => 'e')
istkaputt. (Fernseher = masculine, nominative, definite article => 'e')
Mann= masculine, nominative, indefinite article => '
sindunfreundliche Mädchen. (Mädchen = plural, nominative, indefinite article (no article) => 'e')
Fraudort drüben heißt Marlene. (
Frau= feminine, nominative, definite article => 'e')
inein schönes Restaurant
gehen. (Restaurant = neuter, accusative, indefinite article => '
inden großen Garten. (Garten = masculine, accusative, definite article => 'e')
The last two sentences from above contain an accusative case. And again, we can look at our accusative-rule from lesson 4, which we extended to the indefinite article on Page 2 of this lesson and now restate it to:
On the following pages, we will practice adding the correct endings to adjectives depending on the gender, case and type of article (indefinite, definite) of the succeeding noun.
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