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Lesson 6: Eating and drinking

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More regular and irregular verbs

As you will see, a lot of irregular verbs on this page are very important verbs that you will use quite frequently. Therefore it is important that you know how to conjugate these verbs and use them correctly. In the conjugation tables below, stem changes are underlined and the endings are bold - as usual.

Study the following two tables with new verbs. The first table lists new regular verbs, some of which you already encountered in the dialog on page 1. The second table gives you new irregular verbs of either the e->i/ie class or the a->ä class.

regular verbs
GermanEnglishGermanEnglish
brauchento needkaufento buy
verkaufento sellentschuldigento excuse
findento findlernen
redento speaksagento tell

Note that the stem of "finden" (to find) ends in "d". Thus, the "du" and the "ihr" forms squeeze an "e" between the stem and the ending (du findest, ihr findet).

Now the irregular verbs:

irregular verbs
 GermanEnglishType:
gebento givee->i
nehmento takee->i
sprechento speake->i
sehento seee->ie
lassento leta->ä
schlafento sleepa->ä
laufento runa->ä


Study the verbs above carefully. As you can see, those are verbs that we always have to use in almost every situation.

You know already how to conjugate regular verbs (e.g. machen, trinken, etc...) and you also saw on the last page how the irregular verbs "essen", "fahren" and "waschen" are conjugated. We now want to show you in detail how the other irregular verbs are conjugated. Let's start with "geben" (to give), which is from the e->i family of irregular verbs. Thus, all the "e"s in the stem of the "du" and "er/sie/es" forms will become "i"s. Ready?

geben (to give)
PersonSingularPlural
1stich gebe
(I give)
wir geben
(we give)
2nddu gibst
(you give)
ihr gebt
(you give)
3rder/sie/es gibt
(he/she/it gives)
sie geben
(they give)


Our next verb is "nehmen" (to take). Nehmen is a little different from the other irregular verbs, since it not only changes its stem from "e" to "i", but also changes from "hm" to "mm" for the "du" and the "er/sie/es" forms:

nehmen (to take)
PersonSingularPlural
1stich nehme
(I take)
wir nehmen
(we take)
2nddu nimmst
(you take)
ihr nehmt
(you take)
3rder/sie/es nimmt
(he/she/it takes)
sie nehmen
(they take)


sprechen (to speak)
PersonSingularPlural
1stich spreche
(I speak)
wir sprechen
(we speak)
2nddu sprichst
(you speak)
ihr sprecht
(you speak)
3rder/sie/es spricht
(he/she/it speaks)
sie sprechen
(they speak)


sehen (to see)
PersonSingularPlural
1stich spreche
(I speak)
wir sprechen
(we speak)
2nddu sprichst
(you speak)
ihr sprecht
(you speak)
3rder/sie/es spricht
(he/she/it speaks)
sie sprechen
(they speak)


lassen (to let)
PersonSingularPlural
1stich lasse
(I let)
wir lassen
(we let)
2nddu lässt
(you let)
ihr lasst
(you let)
3rder/sie/es lässt
(he/she/it lets)
sie lassen
(they let)


schlafen (to sleep)
PersonSingularPlural
1stich schlafe
(I sleep)
wir schlafen
(we sleep)
2nddu schläfst
(you sleep)
ihr schlaft
(you sleep)
3rder/sie/es schläft
(he/she/it sleeps)
sie schlafen
(they sleep)


laufen (to run)
PersonSingularPlural
1stich laufe
(I run)
wir laufen
(we run)
2nddu läufst
(you run)
ihr lauft
(you run)
3rder/sie/es läuft
(he/she/it runs)
sie laufen
(they run)



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pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12        vocabularies       Exercises [A] [B] [C] [D] [E]

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