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Lesson 5: Talking about time & schedules

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Practicing reflexive verbs and pronouns

So far, we have practiced two aspects of reflexive verbs:
- Using them by themselves in a simple sentence (without time).
- And using them with an information of time at the beginning of the sentence

In the latter case, we learned that we have to switch the position of the subject and the first verb exactly as we learned it from earlier in this lesson (when we did not use reflexive verbs).

Now, we want to use reflexive verbs together with an information of time in the middle of the sentence. Remember the one rule on page 4. It said:
RULE: When you want to place the time of the day or an adverb of time/frequency in the middle of the sentence, place it right behind the first verb of the sentence or, if you want to stress this information of time in particular, place it behind the direct object of the sentence.
subject - 1st verb - time - direct object
OR:
subject - 1st verb - direct object - time

When using reflexive verbs and reflexive pronouns, you do not really have a choice of where to place your information of time, meaning whether to put it behind the first verb or behind the direct object. You have to put the information of time behind the direct object. This is because the 1st verb and the reflexive pronoun have be adjacent in the sentence. Therefore you are only left with the second option of the rule above, which we now rephrase to fit the usage of reflexive verbs with information of time:
RULE: When using an information of time together with a reflexive verb in a sentence and you want to put the information of time somewhere in the middle of the sentence (not at the beginning), place the information of time behind the reflexive pronoun (direct object). You may NOT put the information of time behind the first verb (in front of the reflexive pronoun).
subject - 1st verb - reflexive pronoun (direct object) - time


Exercise
Bring the following sentences in order. Figure out from the capitalization, which part goes to the beginning of the sentence. Also try to give a reason for the order you picked in each case.

Example:
Heute - freue - mich - ich
Heute freue ich mich.
(time (heute) at beginning => switch subject & verb)


1) duschst - später - Du - dich
_______________________

__________________________________

__________________________________

?

2) erkältet - Reiner - oft - sich
_________________________

_______________________________

_______________________________

?

3) sie - unterhalten - Immer - sich
___________________________

_____________________________

______________________

?

4) morgens - sich - Er - rasiert
________________________

___________________________________

___________________________________

?

5) amüsieren - Am Abend - uns - wir
___________________________

________________________________

______________________

?

6) unterhalte - gerade - mich - Ich - mit Steffen (difficult!)
_______________________________________

__________________________________

__________________________________

?


Exercise
Translate the following sentences into German. Put the information of time at the beginning of the sentence, whenever it is placed there in the English sentence.

Example:
I'm shaving at seven o'clock.
Ich rasiere mich um sieben Uhr.

move mouse over ?-fields
for correct answers
1) You are happy right now.
?
2) Sabrina and her mom hug each other.
?
3) In the morning, they wash themselves.
?
4) We talk to each other later.
?
5) We will talk to each other later. (difficult!)
?



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pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12        vocabularies       Exercises [A] [B] [C] [D] [E]

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