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Lesson 5: Talking about time & schedules

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Adverbs of time and adverbs of frequency

Until now, you were only able to say the time as it is. Now, we want to talk about, what we do at certain times of the day or how often we do something ('often', 'rarely', 'at three o'clock', etc...).

To say "at" with a certain time of the day (e.g. "at five o'clock") in German, use the preposition "um". For example:
Um drei Uhr ...At three o'clock ...
Um halb acht ...At half past seven ...


Instead of using the exact time, we can also use adverbs of time or adverbs of frequency to indicate when we are doing something or how often we do something. Study the two tables below with adverbs of time and frequency before we continue with explaining, how to use these adverbs inside a complete sentence.

adverbs of time:
GermanEnglishGermanEnglish
morgensin the morningam Morgenin the morning
mittagsaround noonabendsin the evening
am Abendin the eveningnachtsat night
jetztright nowgeraderight now
heutetodayspäterlater
nachherlaterbaldsoon
morgentomorrownächste Wochenext week


adverbs of frequency:
GermanEnglishGermanEnglish
oftoftenseltenseldom, rarely
immeralwaysnienever


Now that we know all these new vocabularies, we want to use them to make complete sentences, in which we describe what we do at what time, at what time of the day, or how often.

Look at the following examples and then try to figure out, what's special about some of them and why? The information of time is highlighted in blue.

1) Um drei Uhr gehen wir in den Garten.At three o'clock, we go to the garden.
2) Ulrich arbeitet morgens am Computer.Ulrich works on the computer in the morning.
3) Abends koche ich das Essen.In the evening, I prepare the food.
4) Meine Tochter und ich gehen oft in den Zoo.My daughter and I often go to the zoo.


Exercise
Now, try to answer the following questions:

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1) In which of the four sentences above could you find something unexpected?
?
2) What was unexpected in these two sentences?
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3) Other than that, what else is different in these two sentences?
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4) In all four sentences: What comes always first, the information of time or the information of location/place?
?

On the next page, we will word these findings into grammatical-rules and then as always extensively practice these rules through exercises.


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pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12        vocabularies       Exercises [A] [B] [C] [D] [E]

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