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Lesson 5: Talking about time & schedules

Page 12 of 12 previous       vocabularies section

Facts: Geography, Weather and Population of Germany

About 83 Million people live in Germany, of which 75 Million are German citizens. With about 2 Million, Turkish citizens form the largest foreign population in Germany. Other larger foreign populations are mainly from the European mainland (Italy, Greece) or from countries of the former Soviet Union or Poland.


The 16 German states: North-Rhine-Westphalia has the largest population, Bavaria is the biggest with respect to the area.

Since the reunification in 1990, Germany's capital and at the same time biggest city with about 3 Million citizens is Berlin. Germany, very much like the US, has a strong federal structure and is divided into 16 states (Bundesstaaten). Every state has its own government and parliament and its own capital. The most famous state is probably Bavaria in the south-east of Germany with its capital Munich (München). But the most populated German state is Nordrheinwestfalen (north-rhine-westphalia), whose capital is Düsseldorf. The three cities of Bremen, Hamburg and Berlin form their own states and are thus sometimes called city-states (Stadt-Staaten).

The weather in Germany is quite the same as in other middle-northern European countries like Holland, Belgium, the UK, Denmark, Austria, northern France, Switzerland, etc... The summers are usually warm, sometimes hot (up to 30°C/90F) and come with lots of rain. The winters can be quite cold (-20°C/0F) but it usually doesn't snow very often, except in the southern parts of Germany and the mountains.
Highs and lows in Germany's landscape: The northern part is mostly flat, the southern part is dominated by several mountain ranges (Alps, Black Forest, etc...); picture taken from Wikipedia


Geologically, Germany can be divided into a northern part and a southern part. The northern part is characterized by its flat-lands that were shaped during the last ice-age. The southern part includes the low mountain ranges and the Alps in the south of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg.


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