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Lesson 4: The family and around the house

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The accusative with possessive pronouns

You might have noticed that the accusative never changes the noun itself. It only influences its articles or as you will see now, its possessive pronouns.

Also, once again, the accusative is only different from the nominative, if the affected noun is masculine. For feminine or neuter nouns, the accusative always looks exactly like the nominative.

Until now, you only used the accusative with nouns that were preceded by a definite article ('der/den', 'die', 'das'). But what happens, if you use a possessive pronoun together with a masculine noun and then you have to use the accusative?

The accusative of a masculine noun, which is preceded by a possessive pronoun, is formed by adding the ending 'en' to the possessive pronoun. Note that the accusative possessive pronouns for feminine and neuter nouns do not differ from their nominative counterparts.
We can now write a table with all the forms for the possessive pronoun 'mein' (my).

casemasculinefeminineneuter
nominativemeinmeinemein
accusativemeinenmeinemein
Endings that differ from the standard form are indicated in bold. Similarly, we can write the table for any other possessive pronoun ('dein', 'sein', 'unser', etc...).

Exercise
Karla, a friend of Daniela, is telling Daniela, what people do in her house. Always use the possessive pronoun 'unser' with its right ending in the sentences below.

Example:
______
Tochter geht in
_______
Garten.
Unsere Tochter geht in unseren Garten
.


1)
_____
Vater mäht
_______
Rasen.
?

2) Meine Mutter putzt
______
Wohnung.
?

3)
______
Schwester macht
______
Wäsche.
?

4) Mein Bruder pflegt
_______
Garten.
?

5)
______
Oma kocht das Essen.
?




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