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Lesson 3: Talking about doing things

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Talking about things you are going to do (future tense)

This page talks about the future tense. It might help you to know that the future tense in German is formed exactly the same way as you form a sentence with an auxiliary. So when you read this page, try to think parallel to the previous pages and the use of auxiliaries.

Until now, you were only able to talk about the present tense. In fact, the verb forms and endings you learned for the regular verbs so far only apply to the present tense in German. If you want to talk about past events or future events, things look differently.

The future tense is quite simple and totally equivalent to the English future tense. Both, German and English, use an auxiliary (e.g. 'will') together with the infinitive of the main verb.


Future tense: Will you go to the restaurant or to the movies?

To build the future tense in German, you have to memorize the forms of the irregular auxiliary 'werden' (will/to become).

 werden (will/to become)
PersonSingularPlural
1stich werde
(I will)
wir werden
(we will)
2nddu wirst
(you will)
ihr werdet
(you will)
3rder/sie/es wird
(he/she/it will)
sie werden
(they will)


To build the future tense in German, use a form of the irregular auxiliary 'werden' + the infinitive of the main verb. While doing so, remember that the main verb will be placed at the very end of the sentence (exactly as with the auxiliary 'möchten').

Once again, let's go back to our dialog from the very first page of this lesson (Theo and Mark were making arrangements for going out that night). Read the dialog below once again, but note that this time, the future tense in German is used as often as possible. Also note that the auxiliary 'werden' as well as its main verbs (infinitives) are highlighted.



Theodor (T):
Hallo
? Behr am
Apparat
.
Hello. This is Mr. Behr.
Mark (
M
):
Hallo
  Theo.
Ich
 
bin
 
es
, Mark.
Hello Theo. It'
s
  me, Mark.
T:
Hi
  Mark.
Wie
 
geht
'
s
?
Hi
  Mark. How is it going?
M
:
Gut
,
danke
,
und
 
dir
?
Good, thanks. And you?
T:
Auch
 
gut
,
danke
. Was wirst
du
 
heute
  Abend machen?
I'
m
  fine, too, thanks. What are you going to do tonight?
M
:
Ich
  werde
in
  eine Bar gehen.
Ich
  werde ein
Bier
  trinken.
I
will
  go to a bar. I'll drink a beer.
T: Hmm,
ich
  werde
in
  ein Restaurant gehen
und
  essen.
Hmm, I
will
  go to a restaurant and eat.
M
:
Das
 
ist
 
auch
  ok.
Ich
 
bin
 
dabei
.
That'
s
  ok, too. I'
m
 
in
.
J:
Sehr
 
gut
,
dann
 
bis
 
später
.
Very well, I'll see you later then.
<- click here to listen to this dialogue


As you can see, you can use 'werden' in just the exact same way as you used 'möchten' before, since both 'werden' and 'möchten' are auxiliaries. Both require the main verb to be in the infinitive form and to be placed at the very end of the sentence.


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pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12        vocabularies       Exercises [A] [B] [C] [D] [E]

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