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Lesson 2: Describing yourself and others

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Using adjectives to describe things

On this page, you will continue exercising the gender of the new words that you learned. Additionally, you will review the different forms of the verb 'sein' (to be) and learn how to use this verb with adjectives.

Adjectives are words that describe people and things. The simplest way to use an adjective in German is with the verb 'sein' (to be).
For example, to say "he is tall", you simply use 'er' plus 'ist' plus the German adjective 'groß', which means tall: "Er ist groß."

The table below contains some adjectives that are useful to describe people and things:

GermanEnglishGermanEnglish
großtallkurzshort
gutgoodschlechtbad
sympathischlikable/niceunsympathischdislikable/unappealing
schönbeautifulhässlichugly
neunewaltold
spannendexcitinglangweiligboring
freundlichfriendlyunfreundlichunfriendly
emotionalemotionalexzellentexcellent
wunderbarwonderfulfurchtbarterrible
wichtigimportantunwichtigunimportant
intelligentintelligentinteressantinteresting
geduldigpatientungeduldigimpatient
verantwortungsvollresponsibleverantwortungslosirresponsible
leichteasyschwerdifficult/heavy
populärpopularjungyoung


Exercise
Anne and her friend Petra are talking about things and some people they know. Can you translate the following sentences into German, using a pronoun or noun (article!), a form of the verb 'sein', and the just learned adjectives?

Example:
Watching TV is boring.
Fernsehen ist langweilig.



move mouse over ?-fields
for correct answers
1) The CD is bad.
?
2) The guitar is old.
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3) Money is unimportant.
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4) Mr. Bartsch is friendly.
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5) They are tall.
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6) The student (female) is intelligent.
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7) The teacher is boring.
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8) She is beautiful.
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9) The car is new.
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10) We are patient.
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11) He is ugly.
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