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The verbs 'être' and 'avoir'
With your first contact with the French language, you already learned a little bit about the
two verbs 'avoir' (to have) and 'ètre' (to be).
|Nous sommes la famille Toussaud.||We are the Toussaud family.|
|J'ai un bon mari.||I have a good husband.|
We now want to have a closer look at how these two very important verbs are conjugated, meaning how
they change their endings depending on the person they are used with:
|1st||je suis||nous sommes|
|2nd||tu es||vous êtes|
|3rd||il est||ils sont|
Learn by heart the forms of the verb 'être' (to be), then have a look at the verb
'avoir' (to have):
|2nd||tu as||vous avez|
|3rd||elle a||elles ont|
You have probably noticed that we used the pronouns 'elle' and 'elles' instead of 'il' and
'ils' in the table above. You can translate 'il' and 'elle' directly with 'he' and 'she'. There is no such pronouns as
'it' in French. Therefore, one always uses either 'il' (he) or 'elle' (she). We will come back to
this in more detail in the later lessons.
The pronouns 'ils' and 'elles' are the respective plural forms. In English, we would simply translate both