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Lesson 1: Getting Started

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The verbs 'être' and 'avoir'

With your first contact with the French language, you already learned a little bit about the two verbs 'avoir' (to have) and 'ètre' (to be).

Nous sommes la famille Toussaud.We are the Toussaud family.
J'ai un bon mari.I have a good husband.

We now want to have a closer look at how these two very important verbs are conjugated, meaning how they change their endings depending on the person they are used with:

PersonSingularPlural
1stje suis
(I am)
nous sommes
(we are)
2ndtu es
(you are)
vous êtes
(you are)
3rdil est
(he is)
ils sont
(they are)


Learn by heart the forms of the verb 'être' (to be), then have a look at the verb 'avoir' (to have):

PersonSingularPlural
1stj'ai
(I have)
nous avons
(we have)
2ndtu as
(you have)
vous avez
(you have)
3rdelle a
(she has)
elles ont
(they have)


You have probably noticed that we used the pronouns 'elle' and 'elles' instead of 'il' and 'ils' in the table above. You can translate 'il' and 'elle' directly with 'he' and 'she'. There is no such pronouns as 'it' in French. Therefore, one always uses either 'il' (he) or 'elle' (she). We will come back to this in more detail in the later lessons. The pronouns 'ils' and 'elles' are the respective plural forms. In English, we would simply translate both with 'they'.



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pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12        vocabularies       Exercises [A] [B] [C] [D]

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